Unsafe Haven: The Security Challenges Facing Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Asylum Seekers & Refugees in Turkey

Published: June 1, 2009

Table of Contents
1. SUMMARY AND CONTEXT …………………………………………………………………………………………………1
1.1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY………………………………………………………………………………………………….1
1.2 INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………………………………………………….2
Asylum Procedures in Turkey……………………………………………………………………………………………….2
The Environment for LGBTs in Turkey……………………………………………………………………………………3
The Basis for this Report……………………………………………………………………………………………………..5
1.3 PERSECUTION OF LGBTS IN THE GLOBAL CONTEXT …………………………………………………………………5
1.4 PROTECTION OF LGBTS UNDER INTERNATIONAL REFUGEE LAW …………………………………………….6
1.5 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS………………………………………………………………..7
Findings…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..7
Recommendations…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….8
2. METHODOLOGY AND TERMINOLOGY……………………………………………………………………………….10
2.1 METHODOLOGY……………………………………………………………………………………………………..10
2.2 TERMINOLOGY……………………………………………………………………………………………………….10
3. FINDINGS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………12
3.1 THE ASYLUM SYSTEM: GAPS IN MOI, UNHCR AND RESETTLEMENT PROCEDURES……………………………12
Ministry of Interior Asylum Procedures…………………………………………………………………………………12
UNHCR Procedures…………………………………………………………………………………………………………15
Resettlement Procedures………………………………………………………………………………………………….17
3.2 VIOLENT TARGETING AND HARASSMENT BY LOCAL POPULATIONS  OTHER ASYLUM SEEKERS AND REFUGEES????18
Abuse by Local Townspeople…………………………………………………………………………………………….18
Mistreatment by the Local Asylum Seeker and Refugee Population …………………………………………19
3.3 INSUFFICIENT POLICE PROTECTION…………………………………………………………………………………..20
3.4 PRECARIOUS HOUSING…………………………………………………………………………………………….21
3.5 DISCRIMINATION AND VIOLENCE IN THE WORKPLACE ……………………………………………………………23
Discriminatory Hiring………………………………………………………………………………………………………..24
Workplace Abuse……………………………………………………………………………………………………………24
3.6 INACCESSIBLE HEALTH CARE …………………………………………………………………………………………25
Medical Care………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….26
Mental Health Care………………………………………………………………………………………………………….27
3.7 BARRIERS TO SOCIAL ASSISTANCE……………………………………………………………………………………27
3.8 HOSTILE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT………………………………………………………………………………28
4. RECOMMENDATIONS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………29
The Government of Turkey, the Turkish Ministry of Interior and Police in Satellite Cities……………….29
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Geneva and Turkey………………………………31
Governments of “Resettlement Countries” including the United States, Canada, Australia, and
Sweden…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………32
Service Providers in Satellite Cities, including Nongovernmental Organizations and Independent
Professionals…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..33
Health Providers in Satellite Cities ………………………………………………………………………………………33
State Adult Education Providers in Satellite Cities ………………………………………………………………….34
Refugee and Migrant Community Leaders……………………………………………………………………………34
LGBT Asylum Seekers and Refugees ……………………………………………………………………………………34
5. CONCLUSION ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….35
6. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..35
7.?APPENDIX – SURVEY OF LGBT ASYLUM SEEKERS AND REFUGEES IN TURKEY……………………….36
8. MAP OF TURKEY’S "SATELLITE CITIES" …………………………………………………………………………….40
 

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