Original Article: bit.ly/1AeRosU
There is a strong global consensus that the tools now exist to end the AIDS
epidemic. This confidence is based on a combination of major scientific
breakthroughs and accumulated lessons learned over more than a decade of
scaling up the AIDS response worldwide. The achievement of targets built on
these tools now needs to be fast-tracked.
HIV treatment can dramatically extend the lifespan of people living with HIV and
effectively prevent HIV transmission. There are also many proven opportunities for
HIV prevention beyond medicines, including condom programming, behaviour
change, voluntary medical male circumcision and programmes with key populations.
These have clearly demonstrated their capacity to sharply lower rates of new HIV
infections. HIV programmes are dramatically strengthened when they are combined
with social and structural approaches—for example, a recent analysis concluded this
could reduce new HIV infections among sex workers by a third or more (1).
HIV infections may not disappear in the foreseeable future, but the AIDS epidemic can be ended as a global health threat. To achieve this by 2030, the number of new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths will need to decline by 90% compared to 2010.
There are major benefits of fast-tracking the AIDS response in low- and middle-
28 million HIV infections will be averted between 2015 and 2030.
21 million AIDS-related deaths will be averted between 2015 and 2030.
The economic return on fast-tracked investment is expected to be 15 times.
US$ 24 billion of additional costs for HIV treatment will be averted.
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