The Trans Murder Monitoring (TMM) project started in April 2009 and systematically monitors, collects and analyses reports of homicides of trans people worldwide. Updates of the results, which have been presented in July 2009 for the first time, are published on the website of the “Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide” project three to four times a year in the form of tables, name lists, and maps:
The September 2011 update reveals a total of 681 cases of reported killings of trans people from January 1st 2008 to September 25th 2011. A high number of killings since the IDAHOT TMM update in May 2011 and additional cases discovered for the period of the last three years confirms earlier reports on the continuously elevated level of deadly violence against trans people on a global scale. The most recent registered murder occurred on September 25th in Turkey, in the Istanbul district of Ba?ak?ehir.
Our newly updated interactive map visualises a great portion of the 681 reported murders of trans people. For each case, details regarding name, age, location, cause of death, circumstances of the killing and a follow-up are shown where available. You can find this map here:
Name lists with detailed information regarding the cases will be provided for the international trans movement before November 20th, the International Transgender Remembrance Day (TDOR). The TDOR raises public awareness of hate crimes against trans people, provides a space for public mourning and honours the lives of those trans people who might otherwise be forgotten.
In the first nine months of 2011, 116 reported murders of trans people have been registered. Sadly, from 1 January to 29 September 2011, the TMM already registered 116 murders in 23 countries, with the majority in Brazil (29), Mexico (22); Columbia (10), Venezuela (11) the USA (7) as well as Argentina, Honduras, Guatemala, Philippines, and Turkey (4). Further murders have been reported in Bolivia, Chile, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Panama, Poland, Puerto Rico, and Russia. These are only preliminary results, and the numbers are likely to grow even larger during the course of the year.
In total, the preliminary results show 681 reports of murdered trans people in 50 countries since January 2008. Cases have been reported from all six major World Regions (Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Europe, North America, and Oceania), evoking an ever more gruesome picture, especially given the very partial knowledge we are able to gain in many places.
Most reported cases are from Central and South America, which amount to 533 cases and account for 80 per cent of the globally reported homicides of trans people since January 2008. Killings of trans people have been reported from 21 Central and South American countries. 53 homicides of trans people were furthermore reported in 12 Asian countries, 46 homicides in North America, 43 homicides in 10 European countries, 4 in Oceania and 2 in Africa.
These figures are composed of the following countries:
• Africa: Algeria (1) and South Africa (1)
• Asia: Azerbaijan (2), China (6), India (8), Indonesia (4), Iran (1), Iraq (3), Malaysia (6), Pakistan (9), Philippines (10), Republic of Korea (1), Singapore (1), and Thailand (2)
• Europe: Albania (1), Germany (2), Italy (13), Poland (1), Portugal (1), Russia (1), Spain (3), Serbia (1), Turkey (17), and UK (3)
• Latin America: Argentina (12), Bolivia (7) Brazil (256), Chile (3), Colombia (51), Costa Rica (3), Cuba (1), the Dominican Republic (9), Ecuador (9), El Salvador (7), Guatemala (31), Honduras (30), Jamaica (1), Mexico (49), Nicaragua (2), Panama (1), Paraguay (3), Peru (7), Puerto Rico (8) Uruguay (1), and Venezuela (42)
• North America: USA (46)
• Oceania: Australia (1), Fiji (1), New Caledonia (1) and New Zealand (1)
Yet, we know, even these high numbers are only a fraction of the real figures; the truth is much worse. These are mainly the reported cases, which could be found through Internet research. In most countries, data on murdered trans people are not systematically produced and it is impossible to estimate the numbers of unreported cases.
Transgender Europe developed the Trans Murder Monitoring into the ‘Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide’ research project. While the documentation of homicides against trans people is indispensable for demonstrating the shocking extent of human rights violations committed against trans people on a global scale, there is also a need for in-depth research of various other aspects related to the human rights situation of trans people. Therefore, the project Transrespect versus Transphobia Worldwide (TvT) was designed as a comparative research project that provides an overview of the human rights situation of trans people in different parts of the world. It develops advocacy tools for international institutions, human rights organizations and the trans movement and provides knowledge for the general public. The TvT research team cooperates with over 15 partner organizations in Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Europe, North America, and Oceania. The TvT project is funded by the Open Society Foundations, the ARCUS Foundation, and partly by the Heinrich Böll Foundation.
In September 2010, the TvT team started a survey on the human rights situation of trans people worldwide in cooperation with its partner organizations. On 5 October, the first results of this survey will be presented at an international panel in Berlin with 6 representatives of TvT partner organizations from Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Oceania, and South America. The panel is organized by the TvT team in cooperation with the German Heinrich Böll Foundation. The presentations will be in English and broadcast on the Internet on October 5th from 6 pm to 9 pm Central European Time via live stream on the Boell Foundation’s website:
The research results as well as Youtube videos of the presentations will furthermore be published on the TvT website.
If you have further questions or if you want to support the research project, please contact the TvT research team:
Dr Carsten Balzer and Dr Jan Simon Hutta
or check our website:
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