The Overlooked Epidemic: Addressing HIV Prevention and Treatment among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Sub-Saharan Africa

Published: May 15, 2009

The Overlooked Epidemic: Addressing HIV Prevention and Treatment among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Sub-Saharan Africa

Report of a Consultation
Nairobi, Kenya
14–15 May 2008

The goals of the meeting were to justify and legitimize discussion of MSM at the national and regional
levels and to build support for prevention, testing, and treatment services for MSM. It brought
together more than 60 representatives from national HIV programs, research organizations, bilateral
donor agencies, multilateral programs, and MSM advocacy groups from 16 African countries with the
following objectives:

     -To highlight research on MSM and HIV in Africa by the Population Council and other
     organizations.
     -To share examples and lessons learned from programs currently addressing the specific needs
     of MSM in Africa and to identify opportunities for scale-up or adaptation to different countries.
     -To discuss efforts to include MSM in national HIV programs and policy and to propose
     strategies to overcome the challenges and barriers to implementing HIV prevention and
     treatment programs for MSM in Africa.
     -To document conclusions and next steps.

This report summarizes the key fi ndings and lessons learned that emerged over the course
of the meeting and outlines future priorities identifi ed by participants. It is hoped that the
proceedings and recommendations will provide an action agenda and programmatic framework
for policy makers, program managers, and other stakeholders to implement high quality and
effective HIV and AIDS services for a longoverlooked population.

Presentation Topics Included:

Overview of MSM and HIV issues in Africa: implications for national HIV programs
Current and future research; evidence and results
Health services for MSM
Engaging MSM in HIV programs
Targeting MSM in national HIV plans

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