Social construction of the identity of the Central American communities of the sexual diversity living in Guatemala

Published: August 1, 2008

Social construction of the identity of the Central American communities of the sexual diversity living in Guatemala

Issues: The communities of the sexual diversity initiated the conceptual construction of their identity (sexual), linking their contexts of life with “taboo” themes related to gender, gender identity and sexual orientation.

Description: The traditional conception of the biological differences between men and women does neither recognize transexuality nor intersexuality. The heterosexual orientation is fostered for reasons of reproduction. This, without taking into account that sexual orientation refers to sexual desires, expressed through feelings, erotic and/or affective behavior towards other individuals. The other sexual orientations (homosexual, bisexual and asexual) are socially excluded and reprehended.
The gender identity (male, female or transgender), is the public and/or private expression of thoughts, emotions, feelings and attitudes of the own individuality against predefined social roles. The sexual identity (gay, lesbian, bisexual, intersexual, asexual or trans) is the assumed political/societal posture in order to claim those denied human rights and/or violated, related to biological differences of gender, gender identity and sexual orientation.

Lessons learned:
– Construction of identity is the prerogative of the communities themselves.
– Imposition of concepts does not match reality.
– Understanding of the communities of the sexual diversity strengthens the fight against Aids.

Next steps:
– Promote discussion about construction of identity in the communities of the sexual diversity.
– Revise the concepts related to the AIDS epidemic and the communities affected.

-Abstract available at link below-

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