Sexuality Debate Rips Botswana Apart

Published: March 17, 2011

GABORONE – Normally tranquil Botswana has plunged into a fierce public debate about whether homosexuality is “un-African”, sparked by a new lawsuit against the country’s sodomy law. Wedged between liberal South Africa, which allows gay marriage, and conservative
 Zimbabwe, where President Robert Mugabe regularly lambastes gays, Botswana has emerged as a testing ground for competing visions of African social values.

The court case was filed on March 4 by Caine Youngman, founder of a group called Lesbians, Gays and Bisexuals of Botswana (Legabibo), which the government refused to register in 2009.

He argues that the sodomy law violates his constitutionally protected freedom of expression, and he has won support from the Botswana Network on Ethics, Law and HIV (Bonela) and other civil forums.

“I never freely express my sexuality because of the law that criminalises sex between people of the same sex,” Youngman said in an affidavit.

He originally announced the lawsuit two years ago, but delays in gathering paperwork for the court meant it was only filed early this month. During that time, Botswana’s gays received an unexpected – if cautious – voice of support from no less than former president Festus Mogae.

As head of the National Aids Council, Mogae last year began speaking out against sexual discrimination, saying prejudice was hindering efforts to fight HIV in a country where one in four adults had the disease. “We do not want to discriminate. Our HIV message applies to everybody,” he said last year in his first remarks on the issue.

“If we are fighting stigma associated with sex, let’s apply it to sexual discrimination in general,” Mogae said.

He has continued speaking out, telling the BBC last weekend that during his 10 years in office he had instructed police not to arrest or harass gays.

“I could not change the law because that would be unnecessarily stirring up a hornet’s nest. I was not willing to lose an election on behalf of the gays,” he said.

“The majority of our people are still opposed (to homosexuality) so I must convince them first before changing the law unilaterally,” he said.

But the backlash has been vocal.

Parliament’s deputy speaker, Pono Moatlhodi, told local media that gays were “demonic and evil” and had no place in African society.

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