Sexual risk behavior survey among MSM in Lithuania, 2008
S. Caplinskas1, A. Simkunaite2, O. Strujeva2, I. Caplinskiene1
1Centre for Communicalbe Diseases and AIDS, M. Romeris University, Vilnius, Lithuania, 2Centre for Communicable Diseases and AIDS, Vilnius, Lithuania
Background: To determine sexual risk behaviour peculiarities among MSM (men who have sex with men).
Methods: Online survey of MSM (n=271) was conducted by Lithuanian AIDS Centre. Respondents were asked to fill in an online questionnaire aimed at collecting information about socio-demographic characteristics, sexual risk behavior patterns. The statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS.
Results: Respondents were men with an average age of 26.96±8.5; with high education (65.3%). 46.6% of MSM had a regular male partner (RMP); 65.5% reported having had unprotected last sexual intercourse with a RMP. 68.5% of MSM had (average 6.4±8.9) casual sexual partners (CSP) in the last 12 month and 47.9% of them reported having had unprotected last sexual intercourse with a CSP. 21.4% of respondents reported having had sex with a woman in the last 12 months and 62.1% of them had unprotected last sexual intercourse. 8.8% of respondents had commercial sex with men in the last 12 month and 37.0% of them had unprotected sexual intercourse. The main reason for having unprotected sex with a regular partner was that they trusted their partner (71.4%) and the main reason for having unprotected sex with a casual partner was that they did not like using condom (33.3%). 83 % of respondents reported that they knew where they could go to get tested for HIV. 30.3% of MSM had been tested for HIV and 95% knew the results in the last 12 months.
Conclusions: The majority of MSM reported ongoing high sexual risk behaviors (unprotected sex with casual and commercial sex partners). Only one third of respondents had been tested for HIV. The survey suggests that health associated with knowing HIV status is not a major concern among the respondents, consequently interventions aimed at reducing risky behaviour are an urgent necessity.