Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Human Rights Law: References to Jurisprudence and Doctrine of the United Nations Human Rights System

Published: January 1, 2007

This third updated edition, prepared by the International Commission of Jurists
addresses the issue of human rights violations on grounds of sexual orientation1 and
gender identity.

This edition contains excerpts of the authoritative findings, jurisprudence and
commentary of treaty bodies, special procedures of the Human Rights Council, the
former Commission on Human Rights, the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and
Protection of Human Rights, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
and the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees, with explicit reference to
sexual orientation.

The objective of this document is to compile relevant existing information in order to
frame the debate, and to highlight some of the existing available materials on the topic
of human rights violations on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity.
Similarly, it is wished-for the help of human rights activists and defenders committed
to the protection against discrimination based on sexual orientation.

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