HIV prevalence in the general population of Sri Lanka is very low at 0.1%. However data indicates that people who buy and sell sex and men who have sex with men are at risk of HIV infection yet little is known regarding the size of these groups making it difficult to guide the country’s HIV prevention efforts.
To build a baseline of strategic information, the Joint UN Team on AIDS at the request of the National STI/AIDS Control Programme in Sri Lanka, supported the development of a mapping and size estimation methodology for key populations. The World Bank provided technical assistance and UNFPA and UNAIDS gave top-up funding to ensure that communities in four districts could use the methodology.
The study’s findings, published in May 2010 estimate between 35 000 to 47 000 sex workers and between 24 000 to 37 000 men have sex with men in Sri Lanka.
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