Opinions, attitudes and knowledge about HIV/AIDS, gender, sexaulity and sexual orientation in pedagogical students and professors
Background: This research was conducted to explore the opinions and attitudes of chilean pedagogy students and their professors about gender, sexual orientation, sexuality, and knowledge and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS. This population seemed especially relevant because of their role in educating future generations in Chile.
Methods: An exploratory, descriptive and correlational research was applied to a sample of 1.302 students and 174 professors of 16 Universities placed in different regions of the country, based on 6 regular variables: sex, age, area, religious observance, religion and political tendency. The questionnaire developed has structured questions, and precoded choices. The data was statistically analysed with SPSS, by conducting univaried and bivaried analysis. This fact made it possible to make crosses with regular variables and apply tests of statistical signification (Chi -square test). The study accompanied by an analysis of the curricular meshes of 5 universities.
Results: The results show a important tendency to acceptance and tolerate in issues like gender and sexual orientation, mainly between those who they don’t profess any religion and who adhere to political parties of the extra parliamentary Left. There is a high degree of acceptance of condom, even that their use is taught by the professors, but, at the same time, a low degree of confidence in his effectiveness to prevent the AIDS. Also degree observes low of knowledge of VIH/SIDA, mainly being women, which they reside in extreme zones of the country, which adhere to the Christian Democracy, profess the evangelical or protestant religion. The issues of sexual orientation and HIV/AIDS are not present in any of the 241 analyzed training programs.
Conclusions: It’s necessary to incorporate the subject of the sexual diversity and the HIV/AIDS in the curricular meshes of the pedagogical students and to form the professors in charge of the formation of them.
-Abstract available at link below-