Currently, under Liberian penal law, “voluntary sodomy” is a first-degree misdemeanor punishable by a fine. While African nations such as the Republic of South Africa, Mauritius and Mozambique have either repealed or read down similar outdated colonial sodomy laws, some in Liberia would move backward and increase criminalization and penalties.
Liberia’s Representative Clarence K. Massaquoi (Lofa) and Senator Jewel Taylor (Bong), distracting from the nations’ urgent post-war reconstruction problems, have each submitted bills to further criminalize sexual orientation and make same sex relationships a crime punishable by imprisonment. These two anti-human rights bills introduced in February 2012, would amend the existing penal code and domestic relations laws to specifically prohibit same sex relationships and same sex marriage. Under this ‘anti-gay marriage’ guise, the bills also call for surveillance, public trials, background checks and lengthy jail terms for both LGBT people and LGBT rights activists.
Gay marriage is not the focus of Liberian LGBT activist efforts. Safety, security, respect and dignity for all Liberians including lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people, is the goal.
The sharp increase in public bigotry and violence targeting LGBT Liberians is alarming. As discrimination is being institutionalized, with government officials and print and social media taking dangerous, homophobic positions, Sirleaf’s remarks add fuel to an already blazing fire. Religious leaders too are using their influence to demonize and marginalize LGBT Liberians as being un-African, un-Liberian, and ungodly.
How can we make Liberia a safer, more inclusive society for all Liberians? With the unexpected rise of criminalization, hate speech and hate crimes there is a pressing need for all who believe in basic human rights to unite in a single voice and address these issues.
Liberia is a signatory to a number of world treaties including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which guarantees the right to privacy and freedom from discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Liberia must stand by her commitment to these principles and protect all Liberians from human rights violations.
Liberia has a unique history as a haven for oppressed people. This history deserves to be honored and Liberia’s international commitments to uphold human rights sustained. We must not sit in silence as some would divide and disrupt Liberia’s attempts to rebuild a nation where every Liberian feels safe, secure, and able to contribute towards building a forward-thinking Liberia.
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