Homophobia and Discrimination on Grounds of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the EU Member States (The Social Situation)

Published: January 1, 2009

Contents

FOREWORD……………………………………………………………………… 3
CONTENTS……………………………………………………………………….. 5
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY……………………………………………………… 7
OPINIONS……………………………………………………………………….. 16
INTRODUCTION………………………………………………………………. 21
Clarification of terms and concepts …………………………………………………….. 22
Methodology ………………………………………………………………………………………. 27

PART I: LESBIANS, GAY MEN, BISEXUALS AND
TRANSSEXUAL/TRANSGENDER PERSONS IN THE EU…….. 29
1. Attitudes towards LGBT people………………………………………………….. 29
2. Hate Crime and Hate Speech ……………………………………………………… 37
3. Freedom of assembly ………………………………………………………………… 50
4. The labour market ……………………………………………………………………… 56
5. Education ………………………………………………………………………………….. 68
6. Health………………………………………………………………………………………… 76
7. Religious institutions…………………………………………………………………. 83
8. Sports ……………………………………………………………………………………….. 87
9. Media ………………………………………………………………………………………… 91
10. Asylum………………………………………………………………………………………. 96
11. Multiple Discrimination…………………………………………………………….. 102

PART II: TRANSGENDER PERSONS: SPECIFIC ISSUES….. 109
CONCLUSIONS……………………………………………………………… 127
Annex 1 Authors of Country Reports…………………………………………………. 131
Annex 2 Stakeholder E – Questionnaire……………………………………………… 133

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