HIV and Outreach Programmes with Men who have Sex with Men in the Middle East and North Africa

Published: July 5, 2012

Contents

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS III
INTRODUCTION V
THE STORY OF FADEL VII

MODULE 1 – SITUATION ANALYSIS

1.1 Policy analysis 1
– Health context
– Social, cultural and religious contexts
– Legal context

1.2 Population analysis 5
– Subpopulations
– Meeting the population: advantages
and obstacles
Resources 11

MODULE 2 – OUTREACH PROGRAMME:
FROM REFLECTION TO CONCEPTION

2.1 An enabling environment for programme
design 15
– Advocacy: a context of commitment
– Networking
– Participatory approach
– Ethical Framework

2.2 Mapping 19
– Phase one: Observation
– Phase two: Establishing the map
– Phase three: Keeping the map
updated

2.3 Design of the outreach programme 24
– Defi ne the internal and external
environments of key populations
– Decide upon a programme that can
be adapted to specifi c needs
– Propose quality services
– Plan documentation

2.4 Outreach models developed in the
MENA region 32
Profi les of main NGOs working with
MSM in MENA 36
Resources 66

MODULE 3 – THE OUTREACH APPROACH

3.1 Contacts of outreach workers
with MSM 71
– Defi nintion of direct contact
– Process of health promotion
– Reducing stigma in the fi eld
– Using the internet and other new
technologies

3.2 Selection of outreach workers 76

3.3 Roles and responsibilities of outreach
workers 77
– Team dynamics
– Support groups for outreach workers

3.4 Training outreach workers 81
– Initial training
– Continuing education
– Education material

3.5 Peer education 86
– Selection of peer educators
– Role of peer educators
Scenarios in the fi eld 89
Resources 93

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