Global Commission on HIV and the Law Regional Issues Paper: HIV and the Law in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Published: May 1, 2011

Contents
Acknowledgments ……………………………………………………………. 5
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations ……………………………………. 7
1. Introduction: HIV, Human Rights and the Law …………….. 9
2. Background Information ……………………………………………. 13
3. The Right to Health ………………………………………………….. 17
3.1 Access to General Health Care ……………………………… 17
3.2 HIV Prevention …………………………………………………. 21
3.3 HIV Testing and Counseling ………………………………… 25
3.4 HIV Treatment and Care …………………………………….. 30
3.5 Confidentiality of Medical Information …………………. 35
3.6 Access to Essential Medicines ……………………………….. 37
4. Equality, Non-discrimination and Human Rights for
PLHIV and Key Populations at Higher Risk ………………….. 43
5. Criminalization of HIV Transmission and Exposure ……….. 51
6. Women and HIV ………………………………………………………. 55
7. Children/Youth and HIV ……………………………………………. 61
8. People Who Use Drugs and Drug Laws and Policies ……….. 67
9. Sex Work …………………………………………………………………. 85
10. Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender People ….. 91
11. People in Prisons and Detention Facilities …………………….. 99
12. Travel and Residence Restrictions and Migration ……………. 107
13. Access to HIV-related Legal Services …………………………….. 111
14. Conclusion ………………………………………………………………. 113
Appendix: A snapshot of selected laws that support or impede
universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and
support ……………………………………………………………………. 117
Endnotes ……………………………………………………………………….. 119

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