· Today over 40% of all Nigerians are under 15 years of age and while life expectancy increased from 45 years in 1963 to 51 years in 1991, the impacts of HIV/AIDS and related infections (i.e. tuberculosis) have reversed any previous trends, in 2001 life expectancy in Nigeria was estimated at 47 years. Sixty percent of new HIV infections occur in young Nigerians and HIV prevalence is highest in those between 15 to 29 years of age, Adult HIV prevalence among the general population in Nigeria increased from 1.8% in 1991 to 5.4 % in 2004. It is expected to increase to 9% by 2010.
· There is a lack of research on MSM sexual risk in Nigeria.
· This analysis is based on qualitative research conducted in Nigeria during phase 1 of a multidisciplinary study that seeks to examine patterns of male same-sex sexual activities and to understand their potential role in HIV and STI acquisition. The formative research described here reports on focus groups whose aim was to provide in-depth qualitative understanding of the target population and to assist in the development and conduct of a subsequent quantitative research phase of the project.
· Working in collaboration with members of the Alliance Rights Nigeria, an advocacy organization for Nigerian sexual minorities, structured focus groups incorporating anonymous self-completed questionnaires were conducted in secure locations in Nigeria. Men were recruited by word-of-month. Focus groups were organized by community members and conducted by three researchers. While English was the main language, informal translation between English, Yoruba and Ibo occurred.
· Focus groups discussions were audio-taped transcended and thematically analyzed. Techniques for analysis were influenced by the grounded theory of Strauss (1987) and the open coding of Strauss and Corbin (1990)
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