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National data for reported sexually transmitted diseases in 2013 show that the rate of chlamydia infections has decreased for the first time since reporting for the disease began in 1994.
Other findings in the CDC’s annual report, Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance, include a higher rate of gonorrhea cases among men than among women, and an increased rate of syphilis that was only seen in men. The report summarizes 2013 data on these three notifiable STDs.
“All Americans should have the opportunity to make choices that lead to health and wellness,” the researchers wrote. “An approach to improve health equity can address what the health providers can do with other partners working together. Interested committed public and private organizations, communities and individuals can take action to prevent STDs.”
There were 17,375 reported cases of primary and secondary syphilis in 2013, for a rate of 5.5 cases per 100,000 people. This was a 10% increase from 2012. The increase was almost exclusively among men, who accounted for 91% of all syphilis cases. Men who have sex with men accounted for 75% of the cases, and 52% of MSM with syphilis also were coinfected with HIV. The rate of syphilis among women was unchanged, but there was a 4% increase in the rate of congenital syphilis (8.7 cases per 100,000 live births). The rate of syphilis among blacks was almost six times higher than the rate among whites.
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