Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Human Rights Law: References to Jurisprudence and Doctrine of the United Nations Human Rights System

Published: January 1, 2007

This third updated edition, prepared by the International Commission of Jurists addresses the issue of human rights violations on grounds of sexual orientation1 and gender identity. This edition contains excerpts of the authoritative findings, jurisprudence and commentary of treaty bodies, special procedures of the Human Rights Council, the former Commission on Human Rights, the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection …

Association of herpes simplex virus type 2 infection and syphilis with human immunodeficiency virus infection among men who have sex with men in Peru.

Published: November 15, 2006

Association of herpes simplex virus type 2 infection and syphilis with human immunodeficiency virus infection among men who have sex with men in Peru. Abstract BACKGROUND: We evaluated associations between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection, and syphilis among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Peru. METHODS: A surveillance survey of 3280 …

Masculinity, Gender Identity, and Fiji's GLBT Community

Published: September 14, 2006

Masculinity, Gender Identity, and Fiji’s GLBT Community Carlos and I have volunteered with the AIDS Task Force of Fiji (ATFF) since its inception in 1994, and we started volunteering with the Sexual Minorities Project (SMP) when it was first established under the auspices of the non-government organisation Women’s Action for Change in 1998. Carlos became the coordinator of SMP, soon …

Evolution of the Men Who Have Sex with men Community and Experienced Stigma Among MSM in Chengdu, China

Published: September 1, 2006

Evolution of the men who have sex with men community and experienced stigma among MSM in Chengdu, China Pukaar April 2010 Issue 69 Stigma and discrimination have been identified as primary obstacles against effective HIV prevention.1,2 As elsewhere, men who have sex with men (MSM) in China are suffering from stigma and discrimination.3,4 In the past 30 years, Chinese society …

HIV Expenditure on MSM Programming in the Asia-Pacific Region

Published: September 1, 2006

HIV Expenditure on MSM Programming in the Asia-Pacific Region EXECUTIVE SUMMARY According to UNAIDS, at least 5–10 percent of all HIV cases worldwide are due to sexual transmission between men, though this figure varies considerably by country. In the Greater Mekong region, HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) ranges between 3 and 17 percent, equal to …

An Honest Revision of the History of Homosexualities (Pdf)

Published: September 1, 2006

An Honest Revision of the History of Homosexualities "Africa and Africans should not respect or entertain homosexuality in any form or fashion. Gay recognition and rights is a Western thing. African culture and tradition does not support nor encourage such things." So wrote one respondent to a 2002 BBC News online forum, "Homosexuality in Africa."[1] Even as same-sex marriages were …

HIV and Men who have Sex with Men in Asia and the Pacific – UNAIDS Best Practice Collection

Published: September 1, 2006

HIV and Men who have Sex with Men in Asia and the Pacific – UNAIDS Best Practice Collection   Table of contents Acknowledgements 2  Abbreviations and acronyms 6 Foreword 7 Executive Summary 9 Lessons Learnt 13      Working with Governments and Health Authorities 13      Working with Mainstream Communities 13      Health Services 14      Outreach …

Milestone reached in HIV treatment access in sub-Saharan Africa, WHO reports

Published: August 16, 2006

Milestone reached in HIV treatment access in sub-Saharan Africa, WHO reports The number of people receiving HIV antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa has surpassed the one million mark for the first time, but much work remains to be done to reach the goal of providing universal access to prevention, treatment and care by 2010, said a UN health care agency …

MSM and HIV/AIDS Risk in Asia: What Is Fueling the Epidemic Among MSM and How Can It Be Stopped?

Published: August 1, 2006

MSM and HIV/AIDS Risk in Asia: What Is Fueling the Epidemic Among MSM and How Can It Be Stopped? Table of Contents   Acknowledgments ……………………………….. i Executive Summary………………………………..1 Background ……………………………………. 4       The Asian HIV/AIDS Epidemic Has Targeted Vulnerable Communities ………………………………………. 4          HIV/AIDS and MSM in Asia: A Smoldering Fire ……………………………………………………………………….. 4 What Is theTarget Population?………………………………………………………………………………………………5      Diverse Populations; DiverseTerms…………………………………………………………………………………………5    …

Fighting Discrimination in Latin America: the

Published: July 1, 2006

Fighting Discrimination in Latin America: the “anti­homophobia, lesbophobia, transphobia Guidelines” Background Homophobia is defined by experts as the intolerance and despise to the persons that have sexual preferences different to the heterosexual: gays, lesbians, bisexuals, transgender, transvestites and transsexuals. • Widespread homophobia is posing a critical challenge to the AIDS response. • Urgent need for joint efforts to reduce and …

Accessing Health: the Context and the Challenges for LGBT People in Central and Eastern Europe

Published: June 2, 2006

Content Acknowledgements 4 Introduction 5 Background to Research 7 Methodology 7 Survey Findings 10 Legislative and Institutional Infrastructure 26 Conclusions and Recommendations 55 ILGA-Europe’s Health Strategy Going Forward 62 Partner Profiles 66 Overview of LGBT Health Concerns 72 References 78 Full text of article available at link below –

Factors associated with unprotected sexual intercourse with steady male, casual male, and female partners among MSM in Barcelona, Spain

Published: June 1, 2006

Factors associated with unprotected sexual intercourse with steady male, casual male, and female partners among men who have sex with men in Barcelona, Spain Abstract: To increase understanding of the HIV epidemic among MSM in Barcelona, anonymous questionnaires were completed by 640 MSM recruited in the city in 2002. The prevalence of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) with casual male partners …