Born Free and Equal: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in International Human Rights Law

Published: September 14, 2012

Contents
Foreword……………………………………………………………………… 5
INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………….. 7
SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS…………………………………….. 11
Five CORE LEGAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES WITH RESPECT
TO PROTECTING THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF LGBT PERSONS………….. 12
1. Protect individuals from homophobic and
transphobic violence……………………………………………………. 12
2. Prevent torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading
treatment of LGBT persons……………………………………………. 20
3. Decriminalize homosexuality…………………………………………. 26
4. Prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation
and gender identity…………………………………………………….. 36
5. Respect freedom of expression, association and
peaceful assembly………………………………………………………. 52
CONCLUSION…………………………………………………………………… 59

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