Antiretrovirals for HIV PrEP frequently misused

Published: July 5, 2013

Results from a study of Australian men who have sex with men indicated that antiretroviral medications are being used incorrectly, according to a presentation at the 2013 International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

The CDC recommends daily usage of antiretrovirals for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV infection, although they are currently unapproved in Australia. In an online survey conducted of 685 MSM, 27 men reported they had used anti-HIV medication, and 18 of those 27 reported to have only used it once. Of the 27 PrEP users, 81% said they had taken antiretrovirals as PrEP after sex, and 85% of the users said they had taken the antiretrovirals after they thought they had been exposed to HIV. Four men reported using PrEP both before and after sex.

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