In India, it is reported that HIV is concentrated among the poor and marginalized sections of society. These include female sex workers, injecting drug users, men who have sex with men and migrant laborers.
Some survey reports have pointed out that this profile is changing and the epidemic is now spreading from high-risk populations to the general population and from urban to rural areas. This trend is certainly pointing towards a danger signal and the solution has to be seen beyond the subject of Public Health.
But, what is the response to this issue at the national level? Consultants are called and they dole out all kinds of strategies to tackle the problem. NGOs are roped in to carry out the task at the field level. Targeting high risk group is given priority and what emerges subsequently is the Targeted Intervention strategy.
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